Everything You Wanted To Know About Anabolic Steroids

Each time one thinks about anabolic steroids, it brings up the thoughts about how athletes use drugs based on this substance to increase their performance on the field and win medals that they might have not won otherwise. However, very few know about the history of this synthetic steroid hormone that resembles testosterone and helps promote the growth of muscles, who first manufactured it, where do they come from, are they safe to use or not, and much more. This article tries to cover these missing facts along with some other details.

The history of steroid

You will be surprised to know that the history of anabolic steroids goes back as far as the 1930’s when a group of scientists led by Adolf Butenandt, a Marburg based chemist, used thousands of liters of human urine and purified it to create 15 milligrams of androstenone… a male hormone. It was subsequently by a Zurich based chemist, Leopold Ruzicka, in 1934. By 1931, scientists manufactured a synthetic version of testosterone (a natural male hormone) as well. Testosterone helps individual whose bodies are not capable of producing a sufficient quantity of this hormone, used for sexual functioning, development, as well as the natural growth of the body. On a typical basis, the testes produce natural testosterone. However, the secretion of this natural steroid by the body diminishes with age, and stops secreting all together by the time an individual reach the age of 30.

Additional information

The usage of this type of steroids increased during the Second World War, when malnourished soldiers used it to improve their performance and gain weight. This is the first recorded history of the usage of anabolic steroids to boost performance. It was not long before athletes started using steroids to boost their on field performance in competitions. The 1956 Olympics witnessed amazing performances by Russian athletes, especially wrestlers. It was not long before Dr. Zeigler, an American physician, realized that those athletes depended on synthetic testosterone to boost their performance. He then developed a more selective type of this drug… anabolic steroids.

Usage and detection

Since then, an increasing number of athletes begun to depend on steroids to increase their stamina and endurance level, which helped them to increase their field performance. Apart from professional athletes, even high school athletes started depending on this drug. This carried on for a long time before the members of the International Olympic Committee banned its usage in competitions from the year 1975. However, illegal sales of this steroid continued in the black market. However, thanks to the mismatch between production and demand, it was not long before fake versions too made their appearance. The Anabolic Steroid Enforcement Act (1990) placed specific types of such steroids under Schedule III of the CSA (controlled substances act). Steroids had been unscheduled prior to this and only state laws controlled them. Despite all these acts, an increasing number of adults, including sports persons, continue using these substances, which are available in the form of pills, creams, and injections.